Fashion terms explain clothing fabrication
Definitions of four fashion terms that help explain clothing fabrication
Knowing what different fashion terms mean will help you understand clothing fabrication. In this article, you'll discover the definitions of four particular terms: stretch sateen, Seasonless Suiting, ponte knit, and jersey.
Fashion Term #1: Stretch Sateen
You may run across stretch sateen at numerous women's clothing retailers, both in the casual and dressy sections. Stretch sateen, though made from cotton, does not look like typical cotton fabric; the front has a semi-glossy look. Plus, the addition of spandex to the fabric makes it a little more stretchy than the typical woven material. Stretch sateen is used in all types of garments, including shirts, dresses, skirts, and pants.
Knowing your fabrics is a big component in understanding clothing fabrication. Especially if you like to shop online, you'll need to know how a fabric will likely look in person. A photo doesn't always pick up on the slight sheen of stretch sateen, but if you know the fashion terms, and you comprehend what the fabric looks like, you won't be surprised when your online order arrives in your mailbox.
Fashion Term #2: Seasonless Suiting
If you're concerned with business wardrobe essentials, you might be interested in checking out a "Seasonless Suiting" line carried by retailers like Spiegel. This line, because of its fabric and neutral coloring, can work well year-round. The identical color of these pieces allows you to mix and match a handful of garments to create quite a few outfits.
Seasonless Suiting pieces are made of polyester, a synthetic fiber which resists stains and wrinkles. Plus, you can wash many of these pieces in your machine at home.
(Another benefit of understanding clothing fabrication is knowing how to care for garments, regardless of what the tag says. Some garments can withstand hot water but will last longer if you wash them in cold water. Others have "Dry clean only" tags, but you can actually wash them at home.)
Fashion Term #3: Ponte Knit
Ponte knit is similar to stretch sateen in some ways. It can also have a slight sheen, and like stretch sateen and most Seasonless Suiting pieces, ponte knit is easy to care for at home. It resists wrinkles because it's often made from a mixture of polyester, rayon, and spandex. However, unlike the previous two categories, ponte knit is knit, as opposed to woven.
As you seek to understand clothing fabrication and fashion terms, you will come across these two techniques often. Knitting is made from one yarn that is stitched into rows of interlocked loops. Weaving has rows of many individual threads which are passed over and under each other along the distance of the fabric. For more details on knitting versus weaving, see the article "Knits and Wovens: What's the Difference?" by Jan Bones and Pamela Howard. Identifying knit versus woven may help you not only understand clothing fabrication but also know what to expect from a garment as far as wrinkles, friendliness to travel, and so forth.
Ponte knit is not the same kind of knit as a T-shirt. It's double-knit for extra strength and stability, so ponte knit is closer to the feel of traditional suit material than to common knit items, such as socks and T-shirts.
Fashion Term #4: Jersey Knit
Jersey knit, by contrast, is the single-knit style common in T-shirts. People often feel comfortable in jersey knit because of its softness and more flexible drape. You will usually see jersey knit used for sheets and casual clothing, but many clothing retailers that specialize in women's fashion have developed a line of jersey dresses, tops, pants, skirts, and jackets suitable for business attire.
Understanding clothing fabrication requires knowledge of many factors, including materials, sewing techniques, design principles, and more. But if you start with definitions to specific terminology - fashion terms - you will find your understanding growing.