Foot pain facts and treatment
Foot pain can interfere with your lifestyle and relegate you to the couchIt is little wonder that our feet take a nosedive at some point in time because we brutalize them, day in and day out. Our feet support our entire structure. If you are an over-weight person, your feet are carrying more than they are equipped to support and this takes its toll. Foot pain facts and treatment can help you understand what is causing discomfort, and how to fix it.
If you are experiencing chronic pain in your feet this can limit your physical activities and compromise your independence. Incessant foot pain can make walking sheer agony. Running or jogging is completely out of the question. Bad feet can make your legs and back hurt.
Everything has its breaking point and your feet are going to revolt if you are not wearing proper and supportive footwear, are carrying too much weight and, listen up ladies, insist on wearing stilettos. Treatment for foot pain involves understanding the source and cause of the pain and targeted foot care.
If you are suffering from plantar fasciitis, which is a common foot condition, you are experiencing inflammation of the band of tissue, which is the plantar fascia that reaches from your heel to the toes. This result is heel pain and is often exacerbated by flat feet or high arches.
Non surgical treatment involves wearing shoes that have slightly raised heels and good support as well as icing your heel several times a day to reduce inflammation. Doing calf stretches helps reduce the pain in your heel as can taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
If that does not work, orthotic devices can be fit into your shoe that help correct structural abnormalities in your foot that are causing your problem. Shoe pads are also beneficial as are night splints, which stretch your foot while you are sleeping. Injection therapy (corticosteroids) is also available as is a removable walking cast that will keep your foot immobile until it heals. Sometimes surgery is necessary although most people respond to the non surgical techniques.
Mortons Neuroma is the thickening of nerve tissue between the third and fourth toes. Nerves enlarge when they have been irritated or compressed. This leads to permanent nerve damage. If you wear tapered toe box shoes or high heels that shove your toes into the toe box this can result in a neuroma. Those individuals suffering from hammertoes, bunions, very flexible feet and flat feet are at risk for developing a neuroma.
Foot pain facts and treatment includes putting pads in your shoes for support, using orthotic devices in your shoes, icing your feet, wearing different shoes, modifying your activities, taking NSAIDs and or getting injections in your foot. Surgery is a last resort for those who have not had success with non surgical treatments.
A bunion is a bump on the side of the toe, which indicates that there has been a change in the bony framework of the front portion of your foot. When your big toe leans toward the second toe, this results in misalignment of the bones and the bunion bump results. If not treated, a bunion will get progressively worse. Do not wear shoes that crowd your foot because this will aggravate your bunion. A bunion can be treated non-surgically the same way as the above foot problems, but it can also be surgically removed.
If you have acquired flat feet as an adult this is the result of attenuation of the tibialis posterior tendon and of the ligaments that support your arch. The soft issues in your feet have torn and the ligaments are no longer able to hold up the arch in your feet. Women are afflicted with this condition much more than men. This condition can cause pain and swelling on the inside of your ankle.
Treatment for acquired flat feet includes taking anti-inflammatory medicine, comfort footwear and a custom molded foot orthoses that will help you maintain foot and ankle stability. However, once your tendon has become stretched to this extent you may require complete immobilization in a cast to arrest the progression of foot deformity, which can occur. Some individuals opt to wear ankle braces all of the time to stop progression of foot deformity.
If none of these foot pain facts and treatment diagnose and correct the problem, surgery is an option. Tendon debridement can be done as can tendon transfers, cutting and repositioning of the bone, which is called osteotomy, and joint fusions.